ICT in Beijing Olympic Games
In order to achieve a Green Olympics, ICT played a significant role in minimizing the impact of the Olympics on the environment.
Firstly, high-bandwidth networks allowed video content to be transferred from Beijing to New York for NBC Universal, the broadcaster which held exclusive U.S. media rights to the Olympic Games, for coverage of the events. As such, shot selectors and editors, which numbered to about 400 people, did not have to relocate themselves to the games venue at Beijing.
Remote access was also enabled to the Commentator Information System, a Java-based system which allowed the broadcasters to obtain real-time results and data feeds in their country of operation (Steven, 2008). These ICT applications greatly reduced the need for travel, thereby saving on the estimated 800 airplane trips and fuel energy required (Cisco, 2008).
In constructing new facilities to host the games, a form of Smart Building System known as the Metasys Building Management Systems were embedded into the designs (Milwaukee, 2008). Such smart systems incorporated an Internet Protocol(IP)-based network that combined networks carrying building information systems with networks that carried voice and data (Ong, 2008). The management of all the information systems in a building through a centralised control room helped to save on power consumption and thus reduced the footprint on the environment.