Telecommuting refers to working from home using ICT such as phone, fax and computer, to electronically connect themselves to their offices during normal organizational working hours. The location of work is usually the home but there are also mobile offices where workers travel to a satellite office which are located nearer to the homes. Telecommuting therefore replaces commuting by rail, car or other transport. \[ICT and Our Society\]
The term telecommuting was first used by the Center for Futures Research at the University of Southern California, to describe a geographically dispersed office where workers can work at home on a computer, and transmit data and documents to a central office via a telephone line. \[ICT and Our Society\]
Telecommuting was initially intended to extend the working day and also to maintain a better work-life balance.
Trend of Telecommuting:
Due to rapidly evolving ICT, companies in the more information-saavy countries, such as the United States, are considering telecommuting as a means to achieve greater corporate benefits, such as:
Telecommuting has been greatly motivated and enabled as a result of technologies as follows:
Broadband -- furthered the feasibility of telecommuting by enabling virtual group collaboration to be possible anyplace, anywhere. \[ICT and Our Society\]
One point which environmentalists have cited in advocation to telecommuting is the benefits it could have in easing traffic congestion and hence reduce air pollution. Although this point has not been greatly evidenced, a June 2008 report by The Climate Group on behalf of the Global eSustainability Initiative (GeSI) has studied the positive externalities that telecommuting could have in fighting Climate Change.
Telecommuting could generate up to 260 MtCO2e savings each year. In the United States, given that 30 million people could work from home, carbon gas emissions could be reduced by 75-100 MtCO2e in 2030, the effect of which is comparable to likely reductions from measures such as fuel efficient vehicles.
fuel efficient vehicles. The June 2008 report also states that suppose a significant number of employees telecommute for more than three days a week, it could bring about energy savings of 20-50%, even with greater use of energy at home.
In a study conducted by the UK Department of Transport, it has been found that telecommuting reduces car travelling by UK telecommuters by 48-77%, representing reductions in fuel required for transport.
2)Change in Lifestyles
From Print to Non-print:
Impact on Environment:
3)Change in Teaching Styles
Impact on Environment: