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  • 3. Limitations of ICT in Fighting Climate Change
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1. Freedom of Expression

    a. Online information and disinformation
    b. Online debates and criticisms

2. ICT as a dilemma

As seen in section 2, the versatility of ICT does not merely stop at empowering people at work, education and personal living; the appropriate harnessing of the power of ICT would aid in reducing carbon gas emissions into the atmosphere. However, it has also been reported that the intense use of the Internet has contributed to 5.3% of the world's energy consumption while ICT in general is responsible for around 2.5% of the world's Greenhouse gases emissions [1]. In addition, the ICT industry's own carbon footprint is predicted to grow at 6% annually and double by 2020 due to greater uptake of technology in China and India, the two economic powerhouses, as well as the rest of the world [2].

3. Inability of ICT to stand as an independent solution

Although ICT is increasingly being recognised as one of the strongest candidates among all industry sectors to lead in the fight against Climate Change, ICT alone is insufficient to conclude sustained success.

ICT needs to be complemented with other solutions or measures to improve and support its role in fighting climate change.

a. Support by environmental organisation, communities and governmental authorities
    - Strong governmental support and inclination towards a cleaner and greener environment

Steve Howard, CEO, The Climate Group, said: "PCs, mobile phones, and the web have transformed the way we all live and do business. Global warming and soaring energy prices mean that re-thinking how every home and business uses technology to cut unnecessary costs and carbon is critical to our environment and economy. Supported by innovative government policy, ICT can unlock the clean green industrial revolution we need to tackle climate change and usher in a new era of low carbon prosperity."

[http://www.gesi.org/index.php?article_id=210&clang=0]

Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director, UN Environment Programme (UNEP), said: "This rigorous assessment underlines that the world can realise a green economy and make the transition to a low carbon economy. It also underlines the crucial importance of the international community reaching a deal on a new climate agreement at the climate convention meeting in Copenhagen in 2009. This study... gives us yet another platform for action and yet another compelling reason for reasoned optimism."

b. Research and implementation of other Science and Technology[3]
    - Geothermal Energy
    - Wind Power
    - Solar Energy
    - Hydropower
    - Hydrogen fuel


References

[1] ITU.(2008). ITU and Climate Change. Retrieved on November 9th, from http://www.itu.int/themes/climate/
[2] GeSI.(2008). SMART 2020: Enabling the Low Carbon Economy in the Information Age. Retrieved on November 9th, from http://www.gesi.org/index.php?article_id=210&clang=0
[3] US Department of Energy.(2008)._Energy Sources._Retrieved on November 9th, from http://www.energy.gov/energysources/index.htm

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