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  1. An asynchronous approach means that the students and teacher do not interact in real-time, but instead, teaching is delivered through the provision of online class notes in conjunction with recorded lectures. 
  2. synchronous approach involves streaming your teaching, which allows for real-time interaction in virtual, live classrooms where one can use collaboration tools as well as other Web tools or smartphones that support synchronous chat, video messaging, and more. These tools make it possible to do almost everything that we do in classrooms, but once again the online environment is sufficiently different from regular face-to-face teaching that additional steps are needed in order to ensure effectiveness (see below).

In reality, a combination of asynchronous or synchronous teaching is likely to be better than using only a single approach. Combining both allows for a mix of different ways of teaching that, though they may in some ways not succeed as well as a regular face-to-face classroom session, still allows for flexibility in meeting students’ differentiated needs.