Figure 1: Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra seen at Coney Island, Singapore (Photo by Lin Yunian, 2016
I. More than a delicacy?
Figure 2 Buddha's Delight Soup (Image owned by www.yelp.com
, used in accordance to Fair Use guidelines)
b) Local: it's found in Singapore??!
Figure 8: Distribution of Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra in Singapore. (base map by Wong Yoke Keong
according to Fair Use Guidelines and source data from Ria Tan www.wildsingapore.com/wildfacts/ . Map Illustration by Lin Yunian.)
a) Behavior: just keep digging...
The Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra is usually spotted partially or fully buried in the sandy or muddy substrates
“Garlic Bread Sea Cucumber”, by Ria Tan, Oct 2016. URL: http://www.wildsingapore.com/wildfacts/echinodermata/holothuroidea/scabra.htm (Accessed on 6 Nov 2015)
Widget Connector width 500 url https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TQdUuO-Tx60&feature=youtu.be height 400
Timelapse video ofHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabrafeeding
|urlhttps“Timelapse Holothuria scabra Feeding” by Madison Loos. Madison Loos Youtube Channel, 2 June 2015, URL:|
MaleHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabraspawning under heat shock in a hatchery
|urlhttps“Spawning Male Sandfish Sea Cucumber (Holothuria scabra)” by khensthoth. Khensthoth Youtube Channel, 1 Jul 2013, URL:|
, The Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra is taxonomically classified as such (rank names are omitted):
Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra
b) Original description and taxonomic history
. Massin et al. (2009) mentioned that theHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabravar.versicolorcan hybridize with theHolothuria (Metriatyla) scabra; however, they stood their ground for splitting using differences found in molecular studies, skeletal elements and external morphologies. Such a species delimitation concept veers away from biological species concepts which require reproductive isolation; the species delimitation concept used here seems to draw similarity with the phylogenetic species concept by Wheeler and Platnick (2000) instead, which focuses on describing species through their unique combination of fixed character states.
Figure 14: The Holothuria (Metriatyla) lessoni can look similar to the Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra (image owned by Steven Purcell, used in accordance to Fair Use Guidelines