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Acromantis sp. (left), Amantis sp. (center) & Tropidomantis sp. (right) are all common small mantids in Singapore.

Taxonomy

say i tried to find the species description but cant and only got genus. talk about how the types are under synonyms anot. if a species/genus has changed, the type is still stuck to the species. Sometimes, different names are assigned to the same species, especially when a species that has already been described earlier was described again.  The names that come after the initial naming and descriptions are considered as junior synonyms and should not be used in nomenclature.

In the case of Odontomantis (Saussure, 1871) as a genus, Antissa (Stal, 1871) and Euantissa (Giglio-Tos, 1927) were classified as junior synonyms. For species-level names, javana (Saussure, 1870) was classified as a junior synonym.  Hence, the species should be referred to as Odontomantis planiceps (de Haan, 1842).

Unfortunately, a wide variety of names have been incorrectly used to describe the species.  It is not uncommon to come across information describing Euantissa sp

Footnote Macro

Encyclopedia of Life

Footnote Macro

Tree of Life web project

.  Moreover, wrong references for the species name has been quite prevalent too, with people calling it Odontomantis planiceps (Giglio-Tos, 1913)

Footnote Macro

Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

, despite de Haan (1842) being the accurate name.

Type specimens

As opposed to information stated on Mantodea Species File Online

Footnote Macro

Mantodea Species File Online

, personal communication with curators from Natural History Museum of Geneva revealed that the female specimen has been transferred to RMNH Leiden (Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden). The syntype for O. javana (female) and male holotype filed under O. planiceps are currently stored in RMNH Leiden.

Phylogeny

Lineage

Image Removed

Family Hymenopodidae

bring this up pls Praying mantises of the Hymenopodidae family include fascinating camouflages to blend with vegetation and disguise body profiles. Some species even exhibit variously sized cuticular leg expansions appearing as lobes that resemble foliage. The famous orchid mantid (Hymenopus coronatus) belongs to this family too, and has been observed to resemble flowers and attract more pollinators than an actual flower does

Footnote Macro

O’Hanlon et al., 2013

.  Below are some examples of Hymenopodids, showcasing their astounding mimicry as nymphs and adults. TO FIND AND PUT IMAGES

Phylogenetic Trees & COI Barcode

Parsimonious trees have shown fairly strong support in the evolutionaray history of Odontomantis sp. in relation to other closely related taxa. Strict consensus cladograms obtained from the trees were well supported by morphological variation.  This includes traits such as secondary elongation of female wings (Node 75), number of cercomeres (Node 73), and postero-ventral fore tibial spines being laid down (Node 77).

Image Removed

Image adapted from Wieland, 2013. state support values from paper into caption

Footnote Macro

Wieland, 2013

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Phylogeny

Lineage

Image Added

Family Hymenopodidae

bring this up pls Praying mantises of the Hymenopodidae family include fascinating camouflages to blend with vegetation and disguise body profiles. Some species even exhibit variously sized cuticular leg expansions appearing as lobes that resemble foliage. The famous orchid mantid (Hymenopus coronatus) belongs to this family too, and has been observed to resemble flowers and attract more pollinators than an actual flower does

Footnote Macro

O’Hanlon et al., 2013

.  Below are some examples of Hymenopodids, showcasing their astounding mimicry as nymphs and adults. TO FIND AND PUT IMAGES


Phylogenetic Trees & COI Barcode

Parsimonious trees have shown fairly strong support in the evolutionaray history of Odontomantis sp. in relation to other closely related taxa. Strict consensus cladograms obtained from the trees were well supported by morphological variation.  This includes traits such as secondary elongation of female wings (Node 75), number of cercomeres (Node 73), and postero-ventral fore tibial spines being laid down (Node 77).

Image Added

Image adapted from Wieland, 2013. state support values from paper into caption

Footnote Macro

Wieland, 2013


Word document containing the COI sequence for Odontomantis planiceps obtained from Singapore:

View file
nameT4254-Odontomantisplaniceps-docu-1.docx
height250



Taxonomy

say i tried to find the species description but cant and only got genus. talk about how the types are under synonyms anot. if a species/genus has changed, the type is still stuck to the species. Sometimes, different names are assigned to the same species, especially when a species that has already been described earlier was described again.  The names that come after the initial naming and descriptions are considered as junior synonyms and should not be used in nomenclature.

In the case of Odontomantis (Saussure, 1871) as a genus, Antissa (Stal, 1871) and Euantissa (Giglio-Tos, 1927) were classified as junior synonyms. For species-level names, javana (Saussure, 1870) was classified as a junior synonym.  Hence, the species should be referred to as Odontomantis planiceps (de Haan, 1842).

Unfortunately, a wide variety of names have been incorrectly used to describe the species.  It is not uncommon to come across information describing Euantissa sp

Footnote Macro

Encyclopedia of Life

Footnote Macro

Tree of Life web project

.  Moreover, wrong references for the species name has been quite prevalent too, with people calling it Odontomantis planiceps (Giglio-Tos, 1913)

Footnote Macro

Academic Dictionaries and Encyclopedias

, despite de Haan (1842) being the accurate name.

Type specimens

As opposed to information stated on Mantodea Species File Online

Footnote Macro

Mantodea Species File Online

, personal communication with curators from Natural History Museum of Geneva revealed that the female specimen has been transferred to RMNH Leiden (Naturalis Biodiversity Center in Leiden). The syntype for O. javana (female) and male holotype filed under O. planiceps are currently stored in RMNH Leiden.

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References

Display Footnotes Macro

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