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Taiwan

Satellite Photo Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Demographics

Population [MyCS1105Project:1]    22.92 million (Jul 2008 est.)

Age structure    0-14 years: 17.3%
                       15-64 years: 72.3%
                       65 years and over: 10.5%

Literacy           Total population: 96.1% (2003 est.)     
(age 15 and over who can read and write)
                     

ICT Statistics

Telephones [MyCS1105Project:2]
Country Code  +886     
Land lines        14.313 million (2007)
Mobile lines      24.302 million (2007)

Radio Broadcast Stations
AM                   140
FM                   229
Shortwave        49

Television Broadcast Stations
Analog             46 (2007)
Digital              30 (2007)

Internet [MyCS1105Project:3]
Country Code  .tw
Penetration      67.2%
Hosts               5.111 million (2007)
Users              15.4 million (Jun 2007)
Broadband       4.79 million (Mar 2008)
subscribers

Introduction

Taiwan is a country that is thoroughly modern and completely digitalised. There are numerous submarine cables which provide links to throughout Asia, Australia, the Middle East, Europe and the US. There are also 2 satellite earth stations located in Taiwan [MyCS1105Project:4] . The manufacturing industry has been the key driving force for Taiwan's economic development for more than 40 years [MyCS1105Project:5] . In recent years, the government has endeavored to turn Taiwan into a mature democracy and a liberal economy. At the same time, the Taiwanese government are actively making efforts to improve the national standard of living with the goal of transforming Taiwan into a modern developed country [MyCS1105Project:6] .


History of ICT

          Main Article: History of Industrial Development

Taiwan's economic development since the end of the second world war can be analysed in terms of seven phases[MyCS1105Project:7] :

1. 1940s: Economic Reconstruction
During this period, reconstruction efforts focused on rebuilding the infrastructure for agriculture, industry and transportation. The government implemented a land reform program and initiated several large-scale projects to increase the production of textiles, fertilizer and electricity.

2. 1950s: The First Phase of Import-Substitution
Laying a foundation for industrial development was the major strategy during this period. Private enterprises were encouraged to manufacture various consumer goods to replace those finished products previously imported for the domestic market by utilizing imported raw materials, semi-finished products and machinery.

3. 1960s: Expansion of Exports
The Statute for Encouragement of Investment was promulgated in 1960 and has since contributed tremendously to industrial development. The government offered various investment incentives and set up a number of export-processing zones to actively develop export, energy and heavy industries, and introduced technology-intensive emerging industries.

4. 1970s: The Second Phase of Import-Substitution
During that period, the government commissioned the Ten National Construction Projects and the Twelve National Construction Projects to improve the infrastructure and expand domestic demand, which helped Taiwan cope with two energy crises.

5. 1980s: Development of High-Tech Industries
With the development of capital-intensive industries, Taiwan's exports continuously increased, and the export value of the electronic machinery industry ranked first in the world. Such achievement showed clearly the effect of industrial transformation.

6. 1990s: Promotion of Industrial Upgrading
The government planned and developed industrial parks in Hsinchu, Taichung and Tainan, basic coastal industrial zones in Changpin and Yunlin, as well as the Hoping Cement Zone in Hualien, to lay a foundation for upgrading industries.

7. 2000's: Increase of Industrial Value
Taiwan's industrial community has built a solid foundation through more than 50 years of endeavor, and is now an important player in the global economy. In the meantime, traditional industries are encouraged to progress from low value-added production to innovative and R&D-intensive activities with sophisticated marketing ability.

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Benefits of ICT

          Main Article: Benefits of ICT to Taiwan

In the last few years, due to the availability of more data and better analyses, there are new findings that finally seem to contribute to the understanding of the impact of ICTs on the society[MyCS1105Project:8] . The benefits of ICT to Taiwan are divided into 3 main categories as listed below.

Economic

  • Improvement of inventory management, better flow control, better integration between sales and production and, therefore, enhancing management of production
  • Energise the market due to shortening of product life cycles
  • Increase of foreign investment
  • Create new kind of jobs

Political

  • Increase of reach of political messages
  • Allow the possiblity to keep in touch with overseas citizen and give them their voting ability

Social

  • Enable new forms of interaction between firms and other parties such as consumers thanks to networking
  • Facilitate cost-effective public and private services
  • Increase transport efficiency

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Abuses of ICT

          Main Article: Abuses of ICT in Taiwan

Hacking

          See Also: Hackers In Taiwan Compromised 50 Million Personal, Government And Firms Records

The issue of hacking has been a constant obstacle to the spreading the usage of ICT in our daily lives. While we read about new virus attacks and threats everyday, the presence of the common viruses is not as shocking as knowing millions of personal and government data can be stolen by hackers.

While encryption and protection technologies have greatly improved over the past decades, hackers are still able to work their way around or even through these defense systems. Taiwan's recent failure in protecting their data reveals many crucial aspect when using ICT as a communication medium. Firstly, a poorly protected system is a timebomb waiting to explode. Sooner or later it will crumble under the attack of even a novice hacker if its not well protected. Also, this case study highlights the amount of security and privacy breach that can happen under a coordinated hacking and data mining effort.

In a society where personal information is highly valued, these hackers are the modern thieves that we have to deal with. Appropriate government actions must be taken to twart these hacking efforts.

Frauds and Scams

          See Also: Taiwan computer engineer loses millions on Internet dating

Before the digital era, we have often heard of stories of the "magical healing stones" and "get rich quick" scams. The proliferation of ICT has made the spread of such scams and hoaxes even easier. Despite its different form, the underly principles are similar. These scams usually prey on people who are greedy or fearful and easily trusting.

In this case study of the Taiwan computer engineer, it is also evident that anyone can fall prey to such scams regardless of their ICT background. Common sense should be applied when dealing with such frauds and scams.

Piracy

          See Also: Net piracy is killing local music industry

Intellectual property was presented with a new threat when ICT became popular. The ease of communications and transfer of information has brought piracy to an almost uncontrollable level.

In the past, pirates had to relay on selling copyrighted softwares on a physical medium in order to profit from it. Nowadays, these pirates have been put out of job. While there is still demand for softwares and entertainment media on DVDs or VCDs, broadband and unlimited bandwidth of internet connections made it so much more convenient to obtain these from the internet and file sharing websites.

In a way, modern day piracy has managed to eliminate some of the pirates of the previous generation. In addition, it has allowed many to hhave access to softwares which they may otherwise not be able to afford.

Despite these perceived benefits of piracy, we cannot deny the fact that distributing and using pirated softwares are both illegal and unethical.

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Failures of ICT

          Main Article: Failures of ICT in Taiwan

Undesirable websites

          See Also: Government gets its scissors out for online censorship

Censorship is a practice that is commonly put in place by governments all over the world. However, Taiwan is one of the more liberal asian countries and this can be observed from its more relaxed censorship policies as well. While Taiwan do not filter out web content as actively as China, Taiwan has taken several measures to educate the public about protecting themselves and the young from undesirable content.

There are two main initiatives that Taiwan has taken to block unhealthy Web sites from children. The first is the ongoing classification effort and the other is the computer Web site filter programs devised by the private sector[MyCS1105Project:9] .

A rating system has been used instead of a rigid blockage of traffic to these web content. Currently, the government requires Internet service providers to rate their Web sites into four classes: 'general,' 'parental guidance,' 'protected' and 'R-rated'.

General-rated Web sites can safely be viewed by anyone, while children aged under 12 wishing to view protected sites should do so only with a parent. Parents should also be on hand to screen content on parental guidance-rated sites for those under 18, while only over 18s should have access to R-rated sites.

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ICT Dilemmas

          Main Article: ICT Dilemmas in Taiwan

iPod Clones - Who is at fault?

          See Also: Shopping in Taiwan's hypermarkets

When it comes to buying "clones", who is to blame?

In Taiwan, an original iPod Nano costs around 5,800 new Taiwanese dollars (about US$180) while a copied version sells for less than a quarter of the price. However, the USB connection for the clone is a more convenient version than the proprietary Apple connector that is used in the original.

Industry leaders have a tendency to blame consumers for any decline in sales, ranging from calling them pirates to fault them for the near collapse of the music industry (which never seems to come). One important question we should consider is whether these buyers of clones and pirated products would have spent the money to get the original version anyway. To some consumers, a mp3 player is just a mp3 player. So long it does its function well, has a decent battery life and is user friendly, there will naturally be buyers. In this case, should companies be placing the blame on themselves for coming up with a product that leaves something to be desired?

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Evolution of ICT

          Main Article: Evolution of ICT in Taiwan

Reinventing Taiwan

          See Also: Taiwan tech reinvents itself

Much of Taiwan's tech success has historically centred on the personal computer, but the PC is now a boring, slow-growing product, supplanted by a variety of digital gadgets. These gadgets are less standardised than the PC, and each product has a lower sales volume than the uniform and ubiquitous PC[MyCS1105Project:10] .

Amazingly, Taiwan is able to survive this constant evolution by always reinventing itself. Some earlier skills have survived (for example, in semiconductors), while the island has made good progress in entering others (liquid crystal displays, consumer electronics).

Another way to look at Taiwan's tech industry is to say that it has several strengths: semiconductors, where Taiwanese foundries dominate the global market; consumer electronics, especially notebooks; and LCDs - a relatively new development, as in the case of semiconductors, not unrelated to the strength of the capital markets. The genius of Taiwan's industrial sector is reinvention. This has been happening for decades, with new products driving each successive incarnation.

With such a strong desire for improvement and drive for being the market leader, Taiwan has proven itself to be a very strong nation when it comes to producing ICT products.

The Taiwan Stock Exchange

          See Also: Taiwan Stock Exchange to complete XBRL platform by end of 2008

The Taiwan Stock Exchange currently uses the Market Observation Post System (MOPS)[MyCS1105Project:11] for listed companies to make public information and investors to search for information. The MOPS has Web sites in both Chinese and English. Its English Web site provides information on warrants, ETF, market information, listed company profiles, annual dividends, the structure of stakeholders, detailed process of capital formation, financial forecasts, financial statements, and financial analysis data.

However, there is currently no standards set for language and format used in financial statements and company information. With the objective of enhancing the quality of the disclosure system, Taiwan decided to implement a major overhual of its stock exchange system.

With the XBRL, the Taiwan Stock Exchange seeks to enhance the transparency and flow of information about businesses' financial statements as well as provide accurate, real-time, and complete information to investors around the globe. The XBRL also enables listed companies to use a standard language to report financial statements and other related information.

The reality seldom match the initial hype for many developments relating to the Internet and this is especially true in the area of software development. Recent developments in the eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL), however, are beginning to provide evidence of reality starting to catch up to the hype[MyCS1105Project:12] . Major developments in the financial services sector and in the federal government sectors are shining new light on the promise of XBRL[MyCS1105Project:13] . At the same time, the Taiwan Stock Exchange is also proactively constructing the eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) demonstration platform and has announced that the platform is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2008[MyCS1105Project:14] .

This highlights the importance of ICT in the financial sector. In addition, constant upgrading is necessary in order to attract investors and will be essential for older systems in order for them to conform to international standards set by foreign countries.

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Future of ICT

          Main Article: Future of ICT in Taiwan

ICT - It's Everywhere

          Main Article: Broadband comes to village of Lichia

Taiwan enjoys the honour of having the world's first wireless city and being the world's largest ICT products manufacturer. Recently, Taiwan has taken their efforts to a whole new level.

After having successfully completed of its 2007 Broadband Access to Every Village project, the National Communications Commission (NCC) aims to extend the construction of the broadband network infrastructure to further remote areas in 2008 as part of their plan to bringing ICT to everyone in Taiwan. These villages either had absolutely no Internet service or had only low-speed Internet connections. The NCC has appointed three companies to offer universal data services for broadband access to 50 mountain villages in 12 different counties[MyCS1105Project:15] .

According to NCC, Taiwan will be the first nation in the world where broadband service coverage reaches 100 percent of its territory[MyCS1105Project:16] . In addition to making ICT accessible, the Taiwan government has also been urged by county chiefs to offer more opportunities for residents from the remotes villages to learn how to use a computer[MyCS1105Project:17] . The digital divide will only be narrowed when both the factors of accessibility and skills have been sufficiently addressed.

Taiwan has once again proven itself as a world pioneer in the ICT world. The advance of ICT seems inevitable and it is only a matter of time before the most remote parts of Taiwan are conquered by ICT.

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Case Study: A Wireless Taipei

          Main Article: Case Study - A Wireless Taipei

Taiwan is not the only city with the dreams of becoming the ultimate high tech city of tomorrow. Following the lead of Taiwan, other cities such as Riyadh[MyCS1105Project:18] (Saudi), Austin[MyCS1105Project:19] (USA) and Moscow[MyCS1105Project:20] (Russia) have also embarked on a large scale attempt to make the entire city wireless enabled. While success varies with cities due to a variety of factors, there is one thing in common: service providers were very confident of their product and had a high level of expectation.

San Francisco also had similar plans to bring WI-FI throughout the city but after 3 years extensive research and trials, the plans were scrappedMyCS1105Project:21]^ . While time and research funding have been wasted, these amounts are insignificant when compared to the potential loss in terms of infrastructure constructions and failed businesses. Unfortunately for Taiwan, Taipei's government was ambitious had decided to carry on with their plans. The system has been around for nearly 3 years but subscriptions have fallen far short of what city and service providers had expected[MyCS1105Project:22] .

The city has struggled to get subscribers to sign up for the service called WIFLY due to perceived performance issues, competition from free hotspots and a lack of applicationsMyCS1105Project:23]^ . Download speeds were unmatched to broadband links already available in the homes of the technologically inclined citizens of Taipei. In addition, various cafes and shops offers free wireless access to people in the vicinity. Some citizens also feedback that they had no need to have access to the internet everywhere because not everyone will travel around the city frequently.

These temporary setbacks only served to enhanced Taipei's goal to making their wireless dream a success. This is a very good example of the strength and determination that Taiwan possesses. The traits have transformed Taiwan into one of the leading countries in ICT manufacturing and innovation in the world.

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Latest News Headlines

          See Also: News Library

Listed below are the 5 most recently added news items into our WIKI site:

  1. TSMC, Intel, Samsung join hands on 450mm shift
  2. TSMC to ramp up 32nm production in 2009
  3. Taiwan Stock Exchange to complete XBRL platform by end of 2008
  4. Shopping in Taiwan's hypermarkets
  5. Intel to establish software center in Taiwan

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Statistics

          Main Article: Taiwan ICT Statistics

"A picture paints a thousand words." There is no better way to present all the statistics and figures about Taiwan ICT than to use pie charts, bar graphs and histograms

Diagrams and tables are provided on Taiwan past ICT industry, production and maunfacturing status. We have focused the attention of the statistics onto two main areas to show how the ICT scene in Taiwan has developed over the past decade. Thus, our charts present figures mainly from 1996 to 2003 as well as the recent years such as 2007.

The statistics section is divided into the three main sections shown below. Click on the links below for more information from each section.

Commercial & Consumers

          See Also: Commercial & Consumers

Manufacturing & Production

          See Also: Manufacturing & Production

Research & Development

          See Also: Research & Development

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More News

          Main Article: News Library

We have managed to accumulate a database of news articles over the past 12 weeks while working on this WIKI page. The articles are now stored in our news library and can be browsed in two ways. First is by chronological order and the second by topics. The news library page is a summary presented with the most recent news near the top. On the other hand, readers who want to search for articles related to a specific aspect of ICT in Taiwan can do so by following the seven classifications discussed MyCS1105Project:above.

Click on the following links to the browse news from the respective years listed.

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References

  1. ^ CIA The World Factbook - Taiwan - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html Accessed on 01 Nov 2008.
  2. ^ CIA The World Factbook - Communications Taiwan - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html#Comm Accessed on 02 Nov 2008.
  3. ^ Asia Internet Usage Stats and Population Statistics - http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia.htm Accessed on 08 Nov 2008.
  4. ^ CIA The World Factbook - Communications Taiwan - https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tw.html#Comm Accessed on 02 Nov 2008.
  5. ^ Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs - Industry Introduction - http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/external/ctlr?PRO=index&lang=1 Accessed on 13 Oct 2008.
  6. ^ Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs - Statistics - http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/external/view/en/statistics.html Accessed on 13 Oct 2008.
  7. ^ Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs - History of Industrial Development - http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/external/view/en/english/about04.html Accessed on 07 Nov 2008.
  8. ^ ICTlogy - Economic Benefits of ICTs - http://ictlogy.net/20080115-economic-benefits-of-icts/ Accessed on 12 Nov 2008.
  9. ^ Taipei Times - Government gets its scissors out for online censorship - http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2003/12/05/2003078383 Accessed on 08 Oct 2008.
  10. ^ Taipei Times - Government gets its scissors out for online censorship - http://in.rediff.com/money/2005/jan/24guest1.htm Accessed on 08 Oct 2008.
  11. ^Taiwan Stock Exchange - Market Observation Post System - http://emops.tse.com.tw/emops_all.htm Accessed on 21 Sep 2008.
  12. ^SmartPros - XBRL Enters a New Phase - http://accounting.smartpros.com/x33651.xml Accessed on 10 Nov 2008.
  13. ^eXtensible Business Reporting Language - XBRL Progress Report - http://xml.coverpages.org/XBRLProgressReport0202.pdf Accessed on 10 Nov 2008.
  14. ^CFA Institute Centre - XBRL Resources: International and Country Specific - http://www.cfainstitute.org/centre/topics/reporting/xbrl/resources.html#taiwan Accessed on 10 Nov 2008.
  15. ^Shay & Partners - Three Companies Appointed to Provide Universal Data Services - http://www.elitelaw.com/09SearchNewsletter/EN/20080611Three%20Companies%20Appointed%20to%20Provide%20Universal%20Data%20Services.pdf Accessed on 29 Oct 2008.
  16. ^AsiaMedia - TAIWAN: Broadband coverage to hit 100% soon, NCC predicts - http://www.asiamedia.ucla.edu/article-eastasia.asp?parentid=85745 Accessed on 29 Oct 2008.
  17. ^Taipei Times - TAIWAN: Broadband coverage to hit 100% soon, NCC predicts - http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/taiwan/archives/2008/01/19/2003397890 Accessed on 29 Oct 2008.
  18. ^Riyadh becomes first Saudi 'smart' city - http://economie.moldova.org/stiri/eng/28953/ Accessed on 13 Nov 2008.
  19. ^Austin Wireless - http://www.austinwirelesscity.org/ Accessed on 13 Nov 2008.
  20. ^Nortel / Golden Telecom pioneer Moscow wireless mesh networks - http://www.developingtelecoms.com/content/view/426/26/ Accessed on 13 Nov 2008.
  21. ^San Francisco formally ends citywide Wi-Fi effort - http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/san-francisco-formally-ends-citywide Accessed on 13 Nov 2008.
  22. ^WORLD'S LARGEST WI-FI HAVING GROWING PAINS - http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2007/04/09/BUGK8P4DCO1.DTL Accessed on 09 Nov 2008.
  23. ^ Riyadh Goes Wireless, Taipei Undetered http://www.dailywireless.org/2007/04/09/riyadh-goes-wireless/ Accessed on 09 Nov 2008.

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Further Readings

Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs - History of Industrial Development - http://www.moeaidb.gov.tw/external/view/en/english/about04.html
NationMaster - Taiwan internet statistics - http://www.nationmaster.com/red/country/tw-taiwan/int-internet&b_cite=1&b_define=1
Taiwan Information box information - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taiwan
Taiwan Island image - Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech. - http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/imagepolicy.cfm
Wikipedia - References Citation Guidelines - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed

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13 Comments

  1. Unknown User (u0802110)

    i cant get the info box on the right to look fitting. aint gonna continue on it le, spent 1 whole hour and cant find the problem. someone please fix it...

    1. haha , eh tak i think the sub-headings right , if we use the pre-formatted heading , i dont know but it looks unpleasant for me when i scroll down, i kept wondering which is the heading n which are the subs ...

      and also the sub-heading using the preformatted heading is like 1 blue strip but the words only occupy like 15% of the strip ... leaving a elongated blue line that looks ugly ...

      I suggest we change the sub-heading to just < normal fonts + bold + colour > which will give this < Normal fonts > ... any colour is good , as long as its standardise ....we can make use of tables to do sub-heading ... for example

      Economical

      Political

      Social

      Descriptions

      Descriptions

      Descriptions

      everytime we want to go the next main heading ... insert the horizontal ruler to sort of separate them like this ..



      What u guyz think ?

      1. Unknown User (u0802110)

        sounds good, i like ur idea. how do i remove the elongated blue line?

        i wanted to make the words slightly bigger but without the ugly grey line leh...

        1. i m not sure, as far as i know, it doesnt allow u to change font size except using the pre-formtted ones

          1. Unknown User (u0802110)

            i've added a panel to frame our content up as well. now it looks more structured and has a clearer layout. have to live do with the grey borders for the time being until the wiki guy replies me at the help files....

            btw i think we're doing pretty well for now! very systematic in our layout, has the feel of a conventional wiki page with the numerous links yet a fresh interpretation of the concept and presentation style as well.

            well done everyone!

  2. Unknown User (u0802110)

    wah i'm falling in love with our work, can i copy all the source code as a backup? or is this now officially property of NUS including this comment?

    1. ya its actually quite fun, when u spend time on it ... =D

    2. Unknown User (u0507108)

      It is not entirely NUS property... haha

      U can say that it's co-owned by us and NUS.

      If u wanna sell ur work, you need permission from sch, vice versa =)

  3. Unknown User (u0802110)

    seriously waterfall sia. WHAT I SEE IS NOT WHAT I GET.. waste hours everyday trying to debug after an edit rather than use the time to value add.

  4. Haha wah sei, you finally got the top part done

    good job !

    1. Unknown User (u0802110)

      here we go again.... same old.. again... up and down this wiki page.. 2 more days and we'll be through...

      1. go sign on or sign 3 extra , u choose

        1. Unknown User (u0802110)

          extra can surf internet or not? now ICT age leh...