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01 Introduction

The information and communication technology(ICT) industry has been an engine of the China's economic growth - in 2000, the ratio of ICT industries' revenue vs. GDP in China was 4%, while in 2005 the ratio grew to 7.2% 2 - and harnessing this engine of growth is vital to managing the country's various growth challenges. In recognition of ICT's immense potential in contributing to the nation's economic and social development, the government has implemented policies to encourage use of ICT in the various sectors and laws to keep ICT abuse in check. Currently, ICT is being implemented in many sectors in China, such as in the general society, industries, e-commerce, education, and even within the government itself. ICTs can help bring change to the various industries, such as manufacturing, by reducing the cost of capital, giving value-add to Chinese products, improving on international competitiveness and so on. It also has the potential to make government functions more efficient and transparent, above all the other impacts that ICT has on China. Nevertheless, like all other countries, China also has room for improvement in this area of ICT development, such as the challenges of adapting its policies to ever-changing and constantly improving technologies.

02 Overview
  • 03 ICT Statistics
    • 3.1 Telecommunications
    • 3.2 Internet
    • 3.3 Software and system integration
    • 3.4 Distance education/E-learning
    • 3.5 Government
    • 3.6 Industry/Business
    • 3.7 Rural areas
  • 04 ICT Policies and Laws
    • 4.1 Policies
      • 4.1.1 Milestones before WTO accession
      • 4.1.2 Golden Projects
    • 4.2 Laws
      • 4.2.1 Golden Shield Project
      • 4.2.2 Intellectual Property Laws
  • 05 Current ICT Trends in China
    • 5.1 General Public
      • 5.1.1 Mobile Network & Services
      • 5.1.2 Wireless Hot Spots
      • 5.1.3 Online Gaming
      • 5.1.4 Social Networking Sites
      • 5.1.5 Digital Broadcasting
      • 5.1.6 Fighting Against Piracy
      • 5.1.7 Population Information Management System
    • 5.2 Industries
      • 5.2.1 Problems in the 1980s
      • 5.2.2 Developments In Recent Years
      • 5.2.3 Promoting Foreign Trade
      • 5.2.4 A Rising Need
      • 5.2.5 Venture Capital
    • 5.3 E-Commerce
      • 5.3.1 What is E-Commerce?
      • 5.3.2 Statistics
      • 5.3.3 Past and current trends of E-commerce in China
      • 5.3.4 Future developments and predicted trends in E-commerce
    • 5.4 Education
      • 5.4.1 Major initiatives
      • 5.4.2 Problems on the use of ICT
      • 5.4.3 Solutions on the use of ICT
    • 5.5 Government
      • 5.5.1 Public Service Projects
        • 5.5.1.1 Government Online project
        • 5.5.1.2 Golden Projects
      • 5.5.2 Incorporation of ICT Applications into Internal Government Processes
  • 06 Impact of ICT in China
    • 6.1 Digital Divide & Factors
      • 6.1.1 Education
      • 6.1.2 Lack of Facilities
      • 6.1.3 Low Income
      • 6.1.4 Gender Divide
    • 6.2 Internet Addiction
    • 6.3 Impact on Economic Growth & Trade
    • 6.4 Freedom of Speech & Censorship
    • 6.5 Impact on Agriculture


INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN CHINA



Full name:

People's Republic of China

Population:

1.33 billion (UN, 2007)

Capital:

Beijing

Largest city:

Shanghai

Area:

9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles)

Monetary unit:

1 Renminbi (yuan)

Internet domain:

.cn

International dialling code:

+86

 

source 1

Brought to you by Team 9A

Name

Matriculation Number

Yang Xianping

U087117U

Pang Hui Chan

U087119R

Shen Hefeng Wilfred

U087194A

Wee Inn Bin

U087167Y

Lim Jie Feng Kenneth

U087144X

Objectives

From the information provided in Building Great Wall 2.0 Across the World, the reader will be able to:

• Obtain an in-depth knowledge of current ICT standards in China

• Understand the resulting impact of ICT implementation

• Learn about future development plans in ICT in China

Brief Outline  

3   ICT Statistics

Statistical information on the development of ICT in China in various areas.

4   ICT Policies and Laws

  • 4.1   Policies
    China's ICT policy efforts have been concentrated on aspects such as strengthening the construction of the information infrastructure around the country, use in education, as well as strengthening R&D on ICTs.
  • 4.2   Laws
    Some of the laws include China's enforcement and restrictions on mobile as well as internet use for journalism, especially so when the matter concerns a negative portrayal of the country. Furthermore, there is also censorship on the individual searching for content on the internet, which has also been dubbed the Great Firewall of China.

5   Current ICT Trends in China

  • 5.1   General Public
    This section will cover how China had developed technologically in areas pertaining to the general public. Areas like China's  mobile network and Internet connectivity in public areas are some examples of topics in this section. Other topics like actions taken to curb privacy will also be explored.
  • 5.2   Industries
    China has a wide range of industries and these industries has existed for a long time. In this section, we will take a look at problems which exist in China's industry, namely the reason for the slow technologically improvement in its industries. We will also take a look at how China has developed technologically in recent years and how technology has helped boost its economy.
  • 5.3   E-Commerce
    The concept of E-commerce was first introduced into China in 1993, and the first online transaction in China was done in 1996. In 1998, the E-commerce demonstration project between enterprises aiming to promote information on the national economy was initiated. In this section, we will show how E-commerce and ICT will play a part in helping China's economic growth, how the government supports E-commerce developments and to what extent has E-commerce changed the way people shop.
  • 5.4   Education
    In recent years, China has embarked on a massive effort to provide computers and access to technology to tens of thousands of primary and secondary schools across the country.  In this section, we will be looking at how the government and other organisations are responsible for implementing such technology in school.
  • 5.5   Government
    Prior to the provision of E-government services, many citizens complained about the inaccessibility of government buildings and that the government regulations were too complicated to follow. The emergence of E-government has helped to improve government services in many areas of China. This section might also include a short evaluation of China's E-government.

6   Impact of ICT in China

The increasing use of ICT in China has created impact in various aspects (economy, social, political, national defence etc) of the lives of the Chinese. We will examine the successes and failures of the use and effects of ICT in China as ICT develops rapidly in China.

7   Case Studies and News of ICT in China

News articles pertaining to ICT in China will give provide supplementary information and the case studies in this section will show how China has implemented ICT on a large-scale in various projects such as in the spectacular Beijing Olympics.



References

1. British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). (2008). Country Profile: China. Retrieved October 18, 2008, from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1287798.stm#media
2. ChinaTZone. (2007). USITO Weekly China Summary. Retrieved November 12, 2008, from http://www.chinatzone.com/news_dls.php?id=271&category=USITO+Weekly+China+Summary





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52 Comments

  1. Unknown User (u0807117)

    =( there's something wrong with the alignment? zzz..i don't know how to change that specific part leh

  2. Unknown User (u0807119)

    erm. did u try the indent thing?

  3. Unknown User (u0807167)

    i wonder if people can also access this page? hey guys check your email ! good stuff there. lol

  4. Unknown User (u0807194)

    i dont think anyone can see...using the url...i can't see the page unless i log in....

  5. Unknown User (u0807144)

    Another reliable site, it's a China Research company, many articles I've read take statistics from here:

     http://www.cnnic.net.cn/en/index/0O/index.htm\\

  6. Unknown User (u0807144)

    Wiki is mother ****ing crap. ****ing bad text editor program.

  7. Unknown User (u0807167)

    hey it looks better now that it is spreaded out.

    let me take this chance to compile this document in a ms words for submission okay? ps give me your full name and martic no.

    i will grap whatever is here by 5pm today.

    1. Unknown User (u0807144)

      Lim Jie Feng Kenneth   U087144X

  8. Unknown User (u0807144)

    There's a issue of ICT development in China that I would want to highlight. This is regarding to distribution of ICT in China. Cause in rural area, access to ICT is very limited compared to big cities such as Shanghai and Beijing. We would encounter these issues in 5.1 - 5.6, 6, and maybe 3. From my wiki done in E-commerce, it shows the trends occuring in China as a whole nation, however, this trends mainly comes from big cities like Shanghai, Beijing. My wiki seemed to have neglected ICT developments in other rural parts of China. Any idea how to deal with this?

  9. Unknown User (u0807167)

    ken, noted your comments.
    anyway i am going to update the above content to the one that we submitted.

  10. Unknown User (u0807117)

    hmm...regarding kenneth's point. maybe we can write about this disparity in the impact portion? like say how the distribtion is not even throughout china and all..and we can also include stats in section 3.

  11. Unknown User (u0807119)

    i think kenneth's point can be put under the impact portion too.. if really not much info on the rural areas then just concentrate on the big cities?

  12. Unknown User (u0807167)

    yap we should at least mention the rural areas too.

  13. Unknown User (u0807194)

    maybe we can just write wat we can find, then write a declaimer stating our situation?

    anyway, i didn't change anything...was just playin ard with the features of wiki. =P

  14. Unknown User (u0807167)

    maybe we should try to add our ICT in beijing olympic to this wiki too. don't waste our effort!

  15. Unknown User (u0807194)

    anyone have their browser crashed cause of wiki?

    yea, can probably rip some content off the assignment for use here. 07 ICT in Beijing Olympics? haha

    can u guys comment on my content in the industry section? thanks thanks

  16. Unknown User (u0807167)

    hey guys..our title say building great wall 2.0 across the world....we should show that how it is affect or related to the world too right? else the title does not fit what we gonna write in our wiki.... oh i also did a logo for our wiki. look at top left of the wiki. i hope it is acceptable else suggest or remove it!

  17. Unknown User (u0807117)

    i think it's quite a cool and novel title leh. or maybe change to building great wall 2.0 across china? haa

     because it's like you know..china and the great wall are like synonymous(so is the peking duck but..not ICT! hah! =X)..then the 2.0 is like showwing the relation to a sort of 'digital update(like in versions?)'

    that's my interpretation la anyways, the real one gotta ask kenneth. haa..

    AND I LIKE THE LOGO! for now it'll work! coolcoolcool!

    cheers people~

  18. Unknown User (u0807119)

    I like the logo too! anyone need to refresh the wiki page many times for the page to load? I take a looong time to come to this wiki page... Is it acceptable for us to put our ICT in olympics here?

  19. Unknown User (u0807144)

    LOL. Tht's one cool logo. =)

  20. Unknown User (u0807144)

    Shall we dump ICT in Beijing Olympics in Impacts? and label it as case study?

  21. Unknown User (u0807117)

    how about a seperate bullet by itself? then we label as case study: beijing 08

  22. Unknown User (u0807167)

    hey guys i think basicaly this coming friday submission is to show a more concrete structure of our wiki.

    so try to come out with the areas that we are presenting in our wiki. the information do not have to be fully implemented i think. as long as we show to them that we are going to have this and include this,bla bla...e.g look at my ICT statistics. i have 7 sub headings but information not completed yet.

  23. Unknown User (u0807167)

    hey guys i am trying to make this page more wikipedia lookalike. what do you guys think of the current layout?

    anyway i suggested that the content on the introduction page to be transferred over to here instead. let this page be the parent page. what do you all think?

  24. Unknown User (u0807117)

    should we totally replace the wordy 02 part with the boxed up 02 part? then won't be redundant?

    haa..but the box really wiki-ish!

    then for the links that are currently present in the wordy 02(but not in the boxed up 02), maybe we can just link up the rest of the document instead of linking up the stuff in the boxed up 02(if we're gonna replace it)

  25. Unknown User (u0807194)

    nice idea~

    anyway, i think the box up 02 should replace the wordy 02. then it will be more like wikipedia. =)

  26. Unknown User (u0807144)

    hi guys, after a long research on e-agriculture, i have decided to abandon this topic since it made me really sick after searching for info on the web. reason being there is no substantial facts to support such activity going on in china although there are evidences of it in development and implementation, just that much of the info is not posted on the web.

    I propose a new topic that i will be writing on to replace e-agriculture:

    ICT in rural areas

  27. Unknown User (u0807167)

    how come the layout now look so weird?

  28. Unknown User (u0807117)

    i've just re-adjusted the layout for the stuff below the boxed overview, so the words are spread out now. will this be better? (tongue)

    i like the flag and the box below it..things are getting wiki-ish~

    and above the china flag, the information and communication technology in china, how is it supposed to be like? maybe when i was editing, it accidentally turned out like this. sorry..

  29. Unknown User (u0807144)

    yah... i like it too. Looks so much better than the time where we just started out.

  30. Unknown User (u0807167)

    who wants to write the introduction for this page?

    1. Unknown User (u0807117)

      i guess i don't mind doing it

  31. Unknown User (u0807167)

    that's great! thank you =)

  32. Unknown User (u0807117)

    hey dear people.

    if you guys happen to obtain the full WB report of this http://www.china.org.cn/english/BAT/209153.htm
    people post the link, cuz it seems pretty useful.
    (though this is highly unlikely because i think must purchase the book)

    this is the link in case there are certain parts which may be relevant to your sections? can go take a look-see. but anyways i got write message about this for certain parts. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTINFORMATIONANDCOMMUNICATIONANDTECHNOLOGIES/
    0,,contentMDK:21286641~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:282823,00.html

  33. Unknown User (u0807167)

  34. Unknown User (u0807167)

    xp hows the introduction?

    1. Unknown User (u0807117)

      ehe. just added it~~

  35. Unknown User (u0807117)

    oh by the way, with regards to the 'ruler' separating the main text from the references, i dunno if i should just delete those altogether and just put extra blank lines..can't figure out the wiki markup that would make it ok(for some)..i keep doing for some pages, but it just appears as '----', which is quite frustrating after many tries..(sad)

     so, comments.

  36. Unknown User (u0807167)

    introduction looks good ! thanks. i added some links to it.

    hmmm do you notice that we don't have 02 ...which is the overview...we don't have "02 overview" it is missing...

  37. Unknown User (u0807167)

    xp, i like to know where you get this info from .. "The information and communication technology(ICT) industry has been an engine of the China's economic growth - growing two to three times faster than GDP over the past 10 years " ... just wanna citate it.

  38. Unknown User (u0807117)

    ya. sorry. i was adding in the intro..i think i must have accidentally deleted something off the markup, the overview box is missing..can the person who originally did it, help me redo it? just add the box back..thanks.

  39. Unknown User (u0807119)

    hey people this may be useful to some of us:http://www.cnnic.net.cn/download/2008/CNNIC22threport-en.pdf

    it has some of latest ICT stats for China this year...

    1. Unknown User (u0807117)

      not bad la! quite cool that you managed to get 08 stats.

  40. Unknown User (u0807167)

    wah huichan this is a last min addition to my part man... i wish you didn't show me this link. hahah

  41. Unknown User (u0807194)

    i believe the point is not to have everything that can be found to be in the wiki but to have wat we feel is necessary in it, rite?

  42. Unknown User (u0807167)

    it has to be related and cohesive i think.

  43. Unknown User (u0807119)

    haha.. i think don't really need to add everything there.. by the way i reorganized my part based on the individual issues again rather than social, economic and political categories again because some are like overlapping impacts again.. does this look more confusing to u guys or looks okay?

  44. Unknown User (u0807167)

    how come the alignment always go off one ah?

  45. Unknown User (u0807167)

    anyway do you guys have any recent news article on china ict. you may put it up at the case study portion.

  46. Unknown User (u0807144)

    how come the alignment always go off one ah?

    RE: Tht's b'cos wiki input user interface sux =)

  47. Unknown User (u0807117)

    ok people. this is the comments on the peer review:

    "The peer review is not compulsory and you could submit it either as individual or in group."

    so. what's our decision?

  48. Unknown User (u0807119)

    erm. so we dun really need to submit it is it?