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  • 1.3 Impacts of Climate Change
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Areas Affected By Climate Change

Area Affected



  • Species migration
  • Change in species composition
  • Loss of species and communities

Hydrology And Water Resources

  • Supply of water
  • Sanitation

Food and Agriculture

  • Enhanced CO2 on crop growth
  • Soil fertility and erosion

Coastal Systems

  • Sea level rises
  • Increases in sea surface temperature

Human Health

  • Increases in heat-stress mortality

Projected Impacts


Area of Concern

Possible Ramifications


Most of the islands are only 1.5 metres above sea levels, which are forecast to rise by up to 59 centimetres by 2100.

  • The citizens of Maldives are contemplating buying lands from countries such as Sri Lanka, India and Australia to avoid being displaced from homes. This raises the question of what rights citizens have if their homelands are destroyed.

    "We can do nothing to stop climate change on our own and so we have to buy land elsewhere. It's an insurance policy for the worst possible outcome." - Mohamed Nasheed, President of Maldives.


466 glaciers in India have reduced by 20% in size between 1962 and 2001.

  • Dokriani glacier
  • Chorabari glacier
  • Parbati glacier
  • It is predicted that the melting of glaciers would induce flooding over the next 30 years.

    This would ultimately dehydrate the rivers that the glaciers feed, putting the supply of water for South Asia countries at risk.
    More than one-sixth of the word's people would be affected, particularly those living in the mountain areas.

Florida, America

The average summer temperatures are predicted to rise by 7 to 9 degrees Fahrenheit.
Sea levels are forecast to increase by at least an additional 15 inches.

  • More intense summer and heat waves
  • More frequent and severe droughts, storms and floods



  1. ANI.(2008). Maldives plans to buy new homeland as insurance policy against global warming.Retrieved on November 11th 2008, from
  2. SOMINI SENGUPTA.(2007). Glaciers in Retreat. Retrieved on November 11th 2008, from
  3. NWF.Target Global Warming in Florida. Retrieved on November 11th 2008, from