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The widespread adoption of the steam power in the 18th century triggered the Industrial Revolution, a period between the late 18th and early 19th centuries when many major transformations were made to agriculture, manufacturing and transportation. While industrialization has garnered marked social and economic improvements in global cities, accelerated industrialization, driven by the advancements in technology and human activities, has left indelible footprints on Mother Nature over the years, contributing to a phenomenon known as Climate Change. In recent years, the problems of Climate Change have exacerbated, as evident from the extensive impacts caused by Climate Change as well as the sharp focus that the issue has been conferred by the global community (See example below).

On 7th November 2008, just three days after the 56th consecutive quadrennial United States presidential election, Barack Obama, the elected President, prioritized Climate Change as one of the urgent issues in his discussion with world leaders from countries such as Australia, Germany and Japan.

It was reported that Obama and Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd discussed their

"resolve to act together on dealing on the global financial crisis and also working closely together on the great challenge of climate change."
Agence France-Presse - 11/7/2008 -Obama discusses finance crisis with world leaders

The following sections will define Climate Change, state its causes and highlight the impacts brought about by Climate Change.

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